The month of August may seem like a quiet month with no major holidays, and can be a month of transition from summer to fall. But August is an important month globally, especially when it comes to military history. Did you know Emperor Horhito announced Japan’s surrender, ultimately ending WWII in the month of August? On August 15th, 1945, the Japanese accepted the Potsdam Declaration- which had called for the surrender for the Empire of Japan from World War II. The declaration stated that if Japan did not surrender, they would face “prompt and utter destruction.” News spread of the Emperor’s announcement, and by 7 P.M. daylight time, U.S. President Harry Truman sent out a nation-wide broadcast announcing the surrender, and that the war would formally end on September 2, 1945. September 2nd came, and a ceremony was led aboard the battleship USS Missouri, where the papers were signed- making the surrender of Japan official. In Japan, V-J day is called “the day for mourning of war dead and praying for peace”, and in Korea it is called “Liberation Day.”
Victory over Japan day (also known as V-J Day) is recognized on August 15th in the UK, Japan, and Korea- because that is the day it was announced by Emperor Horhito. Whereas the U.S. recognizes V-J Day on September 2nd, when the papers were signed- making the surrender official.
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